# Learn Python Data Types With Python Helper

Today, we’re going to learn one of the fundamental concepts of Python: ** Python data types**. Don’t worry if you’re new to programming; we’ll take it step by step and make it fun along the way. By the end of this tutorial, you’ll have a clear understanding of

`what data types are`

and `how they work in Python`

.## What are data types in Python?

Python data types are like different flavors of ice cream that allow you to store and manipulate different types of data. Just as you might have a preference for chocolate or vanilla, Python has a variety of data types to suit different purposes. Data types determine the kind of data that can be stored in a variable, and they impact how the data can be manipulated.

Python provides several `built-in data types`

, each designed for specific purposes. Understanding these data types is crucial for manipulating and transforming data effectively. Here is a list of the commonly used data types in Python:

**Numeric Data Types:**`int`

: Used to represent integers (whole numbers).`float`

: Used to represent floating-point numbers (numbers with decimal points).

**String Data Type:**`str`

: Used to represent text or strings of characters.

**Boolean Data Type:**`bool`

: Used to represent boolean values (True or False).

**Sequence Data Types:**`list`

: Used to represent an ordered collection of items.`tuple`

: Similar to lists, but immutable (cannot be modified once created).`range`

: Used to represent a sequence of numbers.

**Mapping Data Type:**`dict`

: Used to represent key-value pairs in a dictionary.

**Set Data Type:**`set`

: Used to represent an unordered collection of unique elements.`frozenset`

: Similar to sets, but immutable.

**NoneType:**`None`

: Used to represent the absence of a value or as a placeholder.

Let’s take a closer look at the basics of each data type to help you understand them better. Rest assured, in our upcoming articles, we will dive deeper into each data type individually, providing a comprehensive exploration.

## What are Numeric Data Types?

Numeric data types in Python are essential for working with numbers in your programs. Let’s explore the two main numeric data types: `integers `

and `floating-point numbers`

.

### I. Integers (int)

`Integers`

are whole numbers without any decimal points. They can be positive or negative. Let’s imagine we’re calculating the number of tickets sold for a concert at a popular venue called, `Pytho Arena`

.

Above, we assign the value `5000 `

to the variable `tickets_sold`

, representing the number of tickets sold for the concert at Python Arena.

### II. Floating-Point Numbers (float)

`Floating-point numbers`

are numbers that contain decimal points. They are used when we need to work with more precise values. Let’s calculate the average temperature in degrees Celsius for a famous holiday destination, `Py Beach`

.

Above, we assign the value `27.5`

to the variable `avg_temperature`

, representing the average temperature at Py Beach.

You’ve gained a solid grasp of Python’s `numeric data types`

. But guess what? There’s so much more to explore in the captivating world of `Python numbers!`

If you’re ready to dive deeper and expand your knowledge, check out our comprehensive guide on Python numbers. Else continue exploring data types below.

## What is a String Data Type?

Strings in Python are used to represent textual data, such as names, sentences, or any collection of characters. Let’s dive into some examples to make things clearer.

Imagine we want to store the name of a popular celebrity, let’s say `Jennifer Lopez`

.

In the example above, we assign the string `Jennifer Lopez`

to the variable `celebrity_name`

to store the celebrity’s name. Now let’s create a friendly message using `string concatenation`

. We’ll combine the names of two famous places, `Paris `

and `London`

.

Above, we create a message that suggests meeting in either Paris or London. By `combining `

the `strings `

using the `+`

operator, we form the complete message.

If you’re eager to delve deeper and expand your knowledge, we invite you to explore our comprehensive guide on Python strings. It will provide you with valuable insights and practical examples to enhance your understanding of this fundamental data type. On the other hand, if you’re not quite ready to dive into strings just yet, feel free to continue your exploration of other fascinating Python data types discussed below. Let’s keep the learning momentum going!

## What is a Boolean Data Type?

Python `Boolean data type`

is a fundamental concept that allows us to represent logical values. It primarily has two possible values: `True `

and `False`

. Let’s dive into some practical examples to grasp their power.

Suppose we want to check if a popular celebrity, let’s say `Tom Hanks`

, is available for an event.

In the example above, we assign the boolean value `True`

to the variable `celebrity_available`

to indicate that Tom Hanks is indeed available. Let’s consider a scenario where we evaluate the reservation status of a popular vacation destination, `Maldives`

.

Above, we assign the boolean value `False`

to the variable `reservation_status`

to indicate that the reservation is not yet confirmed.

If you’re eager to expand your understanding of the Boolean data type in Python and take your knowledge to new heights, we invite you to explore our tutorial on Boolean values.

## Sequence Data Types

Python `sequence data types`

allow us to store and manipulate ordered collections of elements. They come in various forms, including `lists`

, `tuples`

, and the `range`

data type. Let’s dive into some practical examples to understand their power.

### I. Lists

Imagine we want to create a list of popular celebrity names. Let’s consider `Tom Cruise`

, `Brad Pitt`

and `Angelina Jolie`

.

In above example we create a list called `celebrities`

that contains the names of three famous celebrities.

If you’re hungry for more knowledge about `Python lists`

and want to take your understanding to the next level, check out our step-by-step tutorial on Python lists. In this comprehensive tutorial, we cover everything you need to know about lists, from the basics to advanced techniques.

### II. Tuples

Tuples are another type of sequence data type in Python. They are similar to `lists`

but have one key difference: they are `immutable`

, meaning their elements cannot be modified once defined. Let’s see an example:

Above, we create a tuple called `coordinates`

that represents the latitude and longitude of a location, such as New York City. Tuples are useful when you need to represent a collection of values that should remain constant.

### III. Range

The range data type is used to represent a sequence of numbers. Let’s generate a sequence of numbers from `1 to 10`

.

Above, we use the `range`

function to generate a sequence of numbers from `1`

to `10`

. By converting the range object into a list using the `list`

function, we can display the output, which shows the sequence of numbers. It’s all about representing a series of ordered values!

## What is a Mapping Data Type?

`Mapping`

is a powerful Python data type that enables us to create collections of `key-value`

pairs. The built-in `dict`

type is the primary mapping data type used in Python. Let’s explore some practical examples to understand its functionality.

Let’s say we want to create a `dictionary`

to store information about `celebrities`

. We’ll use the names of popular celebrities as `keys`

and their corresponding ages as `values`

.

In the example above, we create a dictionary called `celebrities`

using the curly braces `{}`

notation. Each key-value pair consists of a celebrity name and their age. By using the `print`

statement, we display the output, which shows the complete celebrity dictionary. It’s important to visualize the dictionary to understand its structure and the data it holds.

Once we have a dictionary, we can easily retrieve the values associated with specific keys. Let’s retrieve the age of `Tom Cruise`

from the `celebrities`

dictionary.

Above, we use the square brackets `[]`

notation to access the value associated with the key `Tom Cruise`

in the “celebrities” dictionary. We assign this value to the variable `age`

and use it to display the output:

It’s all about fetching the values based on their corresponding keys!

## What is a Set Data Type?

Python `set data type`

allows us to store an `unordered collection`

of unique elements. Sets are particularly useful when working with data where uniqueness is crucial. Let’s dive into some practical examples to understand their functionality.

Let’s say we want to create a set of our favorite colors. We’ll consider popular colors like `red`

, `blue`

, and `green`

.

Above, we create a set called `favorite_colors`

using the curly braces `{}`

notation. Each color represents a unique element in the set. By using the `print`

statement, we have the output, which shows the complete set of favorite colors.

It’s important to note that sets automatically eliminate duplicate elements, ensuring that only unique values are stored. Sets come with a variety of built-in operations that enable us to perform tasks such as `intersection`

, `union`

, and `difference between`

sets. Let’s explore these operations using two sets: `set_a`

and `set_b`

.

Above, we create two sets, `set_a`

and `set_b`

, with different elements. We then perform three set operations:

**Intersection**: This operation finds the common elements between the two sets. The resulting set is assigned to the variable`intersection`

.**Union**: This operation combines all the elements from both sets, excluding duplicates. The resulting set is assigned to the variable`union`

.**Difference**: This operation finds the elements that are in “set_a” but not in “set_b.” The resulting set is assigned to the variable`difference`

.

By using the `print`

statement, we display the output of each operation, showing the resulting sets.

## Frozenset

In addition to the mutable set data type, Python also provides an `immutable`

variant called `frozenset`

. Frozensets are similar to sets but cannot be modified once created. This immutability makes them suitable for situations where you want to ensure that the elements of a set remain unchanged.

To create a frozenset, we use the `frozenset()`

function. Here’s an example:

In above example, we create a frozenset called `favorite_numbers`

by passing a list of numbers to the `frozenset()`

function. The resulting frozenset is then printed using the `print`

statement. Since frozensets are immutable, we cannot add or remove elements once the frozenset is created.

## What is a None Data Type?

Python `None data type`

is a special value that represents the absence of a value or the lack of any specific data. It is often used to indicate that a variable or an object does not currently hold any meaningful data.

Let’s consider an example where we want to check if a variable named `result`

has been assigned a value or if it is set to `None`

.

Above, we initialize the variable `result`

with the value None. We then use an if-else statement to check whether `result`

is set to `None`

. If it is, we print a message indicating that the result is not available yet. Otherwise, we print the value of `result`

. This example demonstrates how None can be used to handle cases where a value is expected but not yet assigned.

`None data type`

is commonly used in `functions`

to indicate that no meaningful value is returned. Let’s consider an example where a function performs a calculation but does not have a specific result to return.

In above example, we define a function `calculate_average`

that takes a list of numbers as input. If the list is empty, indicating that there are no numbers to calculate the average from, the function returns `None`

. Otherwise, it performs the calculation and returns the average.

We then call the function with a list of values and store the result in the variable `result`

. We use an if-else statement to check if the result is None. If it is, we print a message indicating that the average cannot be calculated. Otherwise, we print the calculated average.

Now, let’s take our knowledge of Python data types to the next level by exploring data type conversion.

## What is Data type Conversion in Python?

Python, being a dynamically typed language, allows you to change the data type of a variable on the fly. Data type conversion, also known as `type casting`

, involves converting a value from one data type to another. This flexibility enables you to manipulate and work with data in different formats, opening up endless possibilities in your Python programs.

### I. Converting Between Integers and Floating-Point Numbers

Have you ever encountered a situation where you had an integer value, but you needed to perform calculations involving floating-point numbers? Python comes to the rescue once again! Let’s say we have the height of a famous basketball player, `LeBron James`

, stored as an integer:

To convert this integer value into a floating-point number, we can use the `float()`

function:

By applying the `float()`

function to the variable `height_integer`

, we transform it into a floating-point number and store it in the variable `height_float`

. Now we have the height in a format that allows us to perform calculations involving decimals. On the other hand, what if you have a floating-point number, such as the distance traveled by Usain Bolt during a race, but you need it as an integer for some calculations?

To convert this floating-point number into an integer, we can use the `int()`

function:

Applying the `int()`

function to the variable `distance_float`

transforms it into an integer and stores it in the variable `distance_integer`

. Now you can use this integer value for further calculations.

### II. String Data type Conversion

Strings are the lifeblood of text-based data processing in Python. At times, we may need to convert strings to numeric values or vice versa. Let’s unravel the secrets of converting strings to integers and floats, and vice versa.

#### III. Converting Strings to Integers

Suppose we have a string representing the age of a popular actor, `Robert Downey Jr`

., stored as follows:

To convert this string value into an integer, we can employ the mighty `int()`

function:

Above, we take the string value `age_string`

and invoke the magical `int()`

function upon it. Lo and behold, the result is stored in the variable `age_integer`

. Now, we possess Robert Downey Jr.’s age as an integer, ready to be used in numerical operations.

#### IV. Converting Integers to Strings

Now, let’s imagine we have the release year of a blockbuster movie, `Avengers: Endgame`

, stored as an integer:

To convert this integer value into a string, we can harness the power of the `str()`

function:

Let’s summarize what we’ve learned and get you even more excited about the possibilities!

We covered several built-in `Python data types`

that you’ll encounter often. There are numeric data types like `integers`

(whole numbers) and `floating-point numbers`

(numbers with decimals). Then, we have the `string`

data type, which represents text or strings of characters. The `boolean`

data type is all about representing true or false values. `Sequence`

data types like lists, tuples, and ranges allow you to work with ordered collections of items. The `mapping`

data type, known as a dictionary, is perfect for key-value pairs. And let’s not forget the `set`

data type for an unordered collection of unique elements. Lastly, we learned about the special `None`

data type, which represents the absence of a value or acts as a placeholder.

Now, here’s the best part: knowing Python data types means you have the power to do amazing things with your data. You can perform calculations, manipulate text, make logical decisions, organize collections, and so much more. Each datatype brings its own unique capabilities to the table, expanding your programming toolkit.

But this is just the beginning! We’ve laid the groundwork for further exploration. In future tutorials, we’ll dive even deeper into each data type, unlocking their full potential and uncovering advanced techniques. So stay curious and keep pushing forward. The more you practice and experiment with these data types, the more confident and skilled you’ll become in Python programming.

`Remember, everyone starts somewhere, and you're already on the right path. `

Embrace the joy of coding and keep expanding your knowledge. Python has endless possibilities, and you’re equipped with the tools to turn your ideas into reality. So go out there, embrace the diverse flavors of Python data types, and let your creativity soar. `Happy coding!`